29 July 2003

Press Advisory: Russian and U.S. Leaders Unite to Avert Collapse of Bering Sea Ecosystem

Marine experts from the U.S. and Russia are coming together to tackle the tough issues they say have been neglected by government agencies

(read complete press advisory)

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References for Bottom-Trawling Statement



Benson, Ashleen J., Trites, Andrew W. 2002. Ecological effects of regime shifts in the Bering Sea and eastern North Pacific Ocean. Fish and Fisheries, 3 , 95-113.


�Bottom Trawling and Dredging� The Ocean Conservancy, August 2002.


�Effects of Trawling and Dredging on Seafloor Habitat National Academy of Sciences, (Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 2002), pp. 22, 26.


Hunt, G. L. Jr., P. Stabeno, G. Walters, E. Sinclair, R. D. Brodeur, J. M. Napp and N. A. Bond. 2002. Climate change and control of the southeastern Bering Sea pelagic ecosystem. In. Ecology of the Southeastern Bering Sea. Deep-Sea Research 49(26):5821-5854 .


Hunt, G. L. and P. J. Stabeno. 2003. �Climate Change and the control of energy flow in the southeastern Bering Sea. Progress in Oceanography.�


J. D. Schumacher and V. Alexander. 1999. �Variability and Role of the Physical Environment in the Bering Sea Ecosystem�. In Dynamics of the Bering Sea, T. R. Loughlin and K. Ohtani, (eds.) Alaska Sea Grant. pp. 147-160.


Niebauer, H. J., N. A. Bond, L/ P. Yakunin and V. V. Plotnikov. 1999. An update on the Climatology and Sea Ice of the Bering Sea. In Dynamics of the Bering Sea, T. R. Loughlin and K. Ohtani, eds. Alaska Sea Grant. pp. 29-60.


Pricewaterhouse Coopers, � Study Into the Nature and Extent of Subsidies in the Fisheries Sector of APEC Members Economies� . CTI 07/99T, prepared for the Fisheries Working Group of APEC, 2001.


Rosen, David A.S., Trites, Andrew W. 2000. �Pollock and the decline of the Stellar sea lions: testing the junk food hypothesis.� Canadian Journal of Zoology. 78: 1243-1250.


�Sharing the Fish: Toward a National Policy on Individual Fishing Quotas� . National Research Council, 1999.


�Taking Stock of the Regional Fishery Management Councils� PEW Ocean Commission. 2003.


�Trawling the North Pacific: Understanding the Effects of Bottom Trawl Fisheries on Alaska�s Living Seafloor.� April 2002.


T.R. Loughlin and K. Ohtani (eds.) Dynamics of the Bering Sea: A Summary of Physical, Chemical, and Biological Characteristics, and a Synopsis of Research on the Bering Sea , North Pacific Marine Science Organization (PICES), University of Alaska Sea Grant, AK-SG-99-03, 1�28.


Watling, L. and E.A. Norse. �Disturbance of the Seabed by Mobile Fishing Gear: A Comparison to Forest Clearcutting,� Conservation Biology. 12:1180-1197. 1998.


Welch, Craig. �Oceans in Peril: 'We have to Change Course,' say Scientists� Seattle Times , February 12, 2004.


Weller, G., P. Anderson and B. Wang. 1999. �Preparing for a Changing Climate � The Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change in Alaska.� A Report of the Alaska Regional Assessment Group, prepared for the U. S. Global Change Research Program, Center for Global Change and Arctic System Research, University of Alaska Fairbanks.